‘in case of’
This is a danger word/expression – it causes grammar mistakes!
Here is an example of how it looks innocent but it is NOT correct:
‘Zoom lessons are convenient in case of there is a lockdown, but proper consideration needs to be given to how it affects the quality of education’.
What the student means:
‘Zoom lessons are convenient when/if there is a lockdown, but proper consideration needs to be given to the risks of how it affects the quality of education’.
‘In case of’ means IF and WHEN something happens:
Use in case to talk about things we should do in order to be prepared for possible future situations:
I’ll take an umbrella in case it rains.
Don’t use ‘in case’ to mean ‘if’.
I’ll come home in case if it rains.
In the UK, many people always carry an umbrella in case it rains.
What do you carry with you ‘just in case’ something happens?
e.g. I always carry a spare pair of glasses in case I break the ones I’m wearing.
‘In the case of’ helps you refer to a particular situation or example of something.