Did you know there are 3 different pronunciations of ‘-ed’ in irregular past tenses? This depends on the sound that comes before the ‘-ed’.

Don’t try to learn the rules – just practise with the ‘Listen and Repeat’ technique for mechanical practice: that will help you pronounce them correctly when using them in real situations.


How the lesson will help:

This lesson gives you intensive practice with the pronunciation and use of regular past tense verbs which end in ‘ed’.

The second video is what you have to do when you learn to play the piano – you have to do simple, boring and repetitive scales so that you can do them automatically and with your eyes closed!

Why you need to do it:

Accurate Past Tenses are a sign of a high-level candidate. This is true in both the Speaking and the Writing.

In the Speaking Test Part 1, you often have to answer questions in the Past Tense, and good story-telling skills are essential in Part 2.

This lesson helps you pronounce the ‘ed’ correctly and confidently. It also helps you build your vocabulary and check your spelling of past tenses.

What you need to do:

1. I recommend you print the worksheet off first and see how much you already know.

2. Watch the videos and pause them as often as you want to repeat the sounds.

3. Practise Past Tense questions using the worksheet from Day 2.


Academic Word List – Past Tenses

I recorded these for you to just Listen and Repeat. I know that seems really boring and tedious, but it will help you ‘automate’ your past tense pronunciations so it gets stuck in your head.

Also, many of the words are from the Academic Word List, so you get a double bonus of checking the meaning of any you don’t know.

Adjectives with -ed endings

These adjectives are great for story-telling and explaining how you felt about a situation.

Listen and repeat, then try to put them in a sentence eg.

‘I was absolutely shocked/terrified/delighted!’

List of words I forgot to add (tell me if you find any more):

  • dedicated

How to tell a good story

In the next lesson, we will look at the importance of telling a story in Speaking Part 2.

Review the language of storytelling with this quick video, or try out some of the Past Tense exercises below.

Grammar practice for storytelling

(Perfect Grammar website)

Past continuous rules and practice EASY 

Past Perfect rules and practice DIFFICULT

Past Perfect Continuous rules and practice DIFFICULT

Narrative Tenses quiz (Test English website) ADVANCED

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