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Friday Takeaways

‘whereas’ vs ‘although’

Test yourself: can you link these two sentences?

‘He’s well qualified. He can’t find a job’.

Check your answer here
  • He’s well-qualified but he can’t find a job.
  • He’s well-qualified. However, he can’t find a job.
  • Although he’s well-qualified, he can’t find a job.

 

When to use ‘although’?

‘Although’ introduces a statement that makes the next statement seem surprising or unlikely.

Can we replace ‘although’ and ‘but’ with ‘whereas’?

Look at what happens when you replace ‘but’ and ‘however’ with ‘whereas’.

Are these sentences correct?

  • He’s well-qualified, whereas he can’t find a job.
  • Whereas he’s well-qualified, he can’t find a job.
Check your answer here

These sentences are NOT correct.

We cannot replace ‘but’ and ‘although’ with ‘whereas’. 

It is not the same type of linking word.

When to use ‘whereas’

He’s well-qualified, whereas I don’t have any qualifications.

He couldn’t find a job, whereas I found one easily.

  • The topic is the same but what is true of one is not true of the other
  • Grammar: ‘whereas’ is always followed by a S-V-O phrase.

It is ok to start with ‘whereas’, but ONLY IF you are linking two phrases into ONE sentence.

e.g. Whereas he struggled to find a job, I found one easily.

Your examples:

  • My sisters are tall whereas I’m quite short.
  • In the past most jobs were physical, whereas nowadays most jobs are sedentary.

Do you need a comma before whereas?

A comma is not essential. The meaning is clear both with and without a comma.

‘whereas’ vs ‘but’

‘But’ can be used in most situations (but it’s simple, so Band 5/6).

He’s well-qualified, but I don’t have any qualifications.

He couldn’t find a job, but I found one easily.

He’s well-qualified but he can’t find a job.

Common mistakes

1. Confusing ‘whereas’ with ‘but’ ‘However’ and ‘although’

e.g. ‘I’ve studied English since 2008 whereas* I’m not fluent.’

[Use ‘but’ or ‘However’ here]

2. Putting ‘whereas’ at the start of the sentence but forgetting the second part.

e.g. Whereas*, the men in Australia had the same proportion as the women.

Finish the statement e.g.

Whereas the proportion of male and female workers in Australia was the same, in Japan the gap between them was much wider.

or

The proportion of male and female workers in Australia was the same, whereas in Japan the gap between them was much wider.

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