Friday Feedback Learning Points
‘It had a detrimental impact/effect ON …’
These two synonyms take certain collocations depending on:
- big, considerable, dramatic, enormous, great, high, huge, important, main, major, massive, powerful, profound, real, significant, strong, substantial, tremendous
- limited, marginal, minimal/minimum, negligible | overall | growing, increasing | added | disproportionate | uneven the uneven impact of the debt crisis on developing countries |
- combined, cumulative considering the cumulative impact of a series of damaging events
- decisive | direct The railways made a direct physical impact on the landscape.
- immediate, instant | initial, short-term
- lasting, long-term | far-reaching, wider It is important to appreciate the wider impact and implications of this proposal.
- future, likely, possible, potential
- beneficial, favourable, positive
- adverse, catastrophic, damaging, devastating, disastrous, heavy, negative, serious, severe
5. The ‘discussion clock/thinking tree’ types
human The severest human impact on the dolphins has been the loss of habitat. | personal The personal impact of party leaders has been very important.
physical, visual seeking to reduce the visual impact of wind farms on the landscape | cultural, ecological, economic, emotional, environmental, financial, health, political, psychological, social The environmental impact of power generation is being assessed.
You can say ‘optimistic/pessimistic impact/effect’ but I would avoid it.
It can be used in very limited situations:
https://ludwig.guru/s/optimistic+impact (only one example)